The fields in bold are those most commonly used for website references. In this example, only Gray et al will appear in the reference list at the end of the assignment, as this is the only one that the student has read as a primary source. You may have been given some advice not to use too many references. This advice means you don’t need to have a long list of authors that you didn’t read properly. Instead, it is better to use fewer texts, but read them in more detail. It is a good idea to have a reference for every claim you make, if possible. As a general rule, it is better to use the references too often than not enough.

  1. Using a reference doesn’t only mean showing exactly where the information came from.
  2. Before you submit your essay, have a final look through your references and in-text citations.
  3. The date of access (i.e. the date you accessed the site) is required for all online sources, though.
  4. If you are a Modern Languages student, you must follow the referencing guidance supplied by your department when citing and referencing in your written work.
  5. Usually only relevant for books, but for these you should include the publisher name and place of publication.
  6. This type of citation includes the author details followed by (pers. comm.) and the date of the communication.

Your university may be able to provide you with some specialist software (Endnote – ) or you can simply keep a list in a document or try Zotero () a free plugin for the Firefox browser. You can use direct quotes of others’ work if you acknowledge the source and use a citation. This also applies if you paraphrase or summarise what someone else has written. Whenever you decide to use a citation you’ll need a reporting verb to introduce it to your text. Where the author is an organisation, and they are also the publisher you should miss out the name of the organisation as the author, and start with the title. Numbers can also be used for television series, and episodes.

Social media

Online-only journal articles may not have page numbers or reference numbers, or pagination for each article will begin with ‘1’. The rules for in-text citations are the same as for print articles. Citing a website depends on whether one needs to cite an entire website, a webpage of a website, a blog post, an entire blog, or something in between these. Harvard style has slightly varying formats for citing and referencing such sources.

how to cite a website on an essay

The reference list is always arranged in alphabetical order by author. If you have cited a work in an appendix, but not in the main body of your text, this should still be included in the reference list. A citation is a reference to a source of information that was used in the writing of a book, article, thesis or research paper. Citations give your readers clear guidelines on the sources of the information used in the completion of an academic writing text. Citations are usually written at the end of the report, usually in alphabetical order. This greatly helps the writer avoid plagiarism when writing especially long texts. Plus, it shows the readers where the writer obtained his information and they can also visit these sources to learn more about the research topic.

Citing sources

When referencing an image found via Google you need to make sure that the information included in your reference relates to the original website that your search has found. Click on the image within the results to get to the original website and take your reference information from there. Take care to use credible sources with good quality information. There are many different styles of referencing, including Harvard, APA , Chicago and Vancouver.

Overview of different referencing styles in use at the University. Date on which the website or resource was accessed – in square brackets e.g. . The citation can appear immediately after the bridge examples in writing quotation or paraphrase, or at the end of the sentence. If you’re quoting, place the citation outside of the quotation marks but before any other punctuation like a comma or full stop.

IOE Writing Centre Online

Whether you’re about to write your first university essay or just need a quick recap, let’s go over the steps to make sure you know how to cite properly when the time comes. The library has compiled a list of useful audio-visual resources, including images, that can be used for essays or assignments. Visit the ‘finding images and videos’ tab of this guide to find out more.

For more than ten authors, the name of the first author should be given followed byet al. Organise and save your references while you are researching for your essay. The structure is the same, but with the addition of the date you viewed the material (e.g. Viewed 3 May 2021) and a link at the end to the material. Friendship increases our sense of belonging, improves our self-confidence define controlling idea can significantly reduce stress. During a period of considerable change that is starting university, that sense of belonging is pivotal in tackling anxiety or depression. Consequently, clubs and societies help students to find safe spaces in which they feel supported and encouraged to be themselves. For information on how to reference correctly please see our page on referencing.

Explore the helpful verbs you can use when citing academic work

In both cases you should acknowledge the use of a secondary source. The other option is to arrange it with the brief citations in the table. The full references would go into your reference list at the end of the work in the same way as Method 1. You can find many different types of information on the Internet. Check that the item you are referencing isn’t gun rights essay a journal article, book chapter, or another type of publication which you should be citing in a different way. The information you include in the reference will depend on whether the journal is published in print , only published online, or is a version found in an institutional repository. You can usually tell the difference by looking for page numbers.

how to cite a website on an essay

It is strongly recommended that you use published sources such as books and journal articles in your assignments instead of materials posted by academics on Blackboard. Always check with the academic who has set the assignment whether you are allowed to include citations for their materials in your work. Website citations are required every time information is referenced from a website for an academic essay, research paper, dissertation, article or book. Regardless of how insignificant or minimal the information is that you sourced from the website, a citation has to be made to avoid plagiarism. As a writer, it is your imperative to appropriately reference your sources, in order to avoid being penalized for unlawfully using some else’s work. Website citation while writing an article, journal entry, dissertation or book has numerous important functions. Firstly, it helps the writer avoid plagiarizing other writers’ intellectual property which were utilized for the completion of the academic writing project.

Harvard: citing in

Making a public presentation or posting it online is publishing your work. You must include your references and observe permission and copyright rules. In this guide, ‘IMAGE’ is used to refer to any visual resource such as a diagram, graph, illustration, design, photograph, or video. They may be found in books, journals, reports, web pages, online video, DVDs and other kinds of media. This could be an illustrator, photographer, author or organisation. Once you have recorded the information, you have everything you need in order to reference correctly.

  1. If you used an online database instead of a physical library such as Hugh Owen to retrieve the source, identify the database, URL/DOI/permalink and state the access date .
  2. Referencing an author who’s referencing an author whose work isn’t available?
  3. If you want to cite this source, you can copy and paste the citation or click the ‘Cite this Scribbr article’ button to automatically add the citation to our free Reference Generator.
  4. Whichever you use, be consistent and use the same formatting throughout your citations.
  5. Once you have recorded the information, you have everything you need in order to reference correctly.
  6. For educational assignments it is sufficient to cite and reference any image used.
  7. This does not refer to the number of different authors/texts, but the frequency of citing those authors.

This means that it isn’t necessary to include details of the printed law report series in which it was published. When using this type of citation you must give details of the publication in which the case was reported or the database/website you used.

Tip #3: Get familiar with different referencing styles

If you create an original illustration or a diagram that you have produced from your own idea then you do not have to cite or reference them. If you generate should college athletes get paid essay an image from a graphics package, for example a molecular structure from chemistry drawing software, you do not need to cite the source of the image.

  1. Shark in a library image generated using an AI tool (Craiyon, AI Image Generator (pers. comm.) 14 July 2022).
  2. At the end of your essay, you should list the publication details in alphabetical order (by author’s surname).
  3. Thus, to help out, we’ve prepared a quick guide to citing websites using Harvard referencing.
  4. Malley (1998, p.26) found that study skills are increasingly used by Higher Education institutions.
  5. For example, this sentence in an essay would not require a footnote as it clearly indicates the legislation being discussed.
  6. The way this is done will depend on whether the author’s name occurs naturally in the sentence or not.
  7. Failure to do this is plagiarism, which, whether accidental or not, can carry strict consequences.

Record as much information as possible in references to make finding the original work simple. Citing and referencing information can be daunting for students who do not understand the principles. According to Malley (1998, p.28), study skills are increasingly used by Higher Education institutions. The passive from is often used when citing several authors to back up a single point.

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For a start, Harvard reference lists are in alphabetical order. The Student Company, they should be listed using the first proper noun of the name e.g. In academia, referencing is essential in acknowledging another author’s contribution to your argument. Using citations also shows that you can work within a set of rules and use what you’ve learned in the course to produce your own research. The reference at the end of the work would be as recommended for a book reference in our general referencing guide. Usually only relevant for books, but for these you should include the publisher name and place of publication.

how to cite a website on an essay

If each article in the journal begins at page 1, or has no page number at all, it is likely to be an online-only journal. Whichever you use, be consistent and use the same formatting implicit thesis examples throughout your citations. Reference listrefers to the way it would be cited in your reference list or bibliography when using the ‘Cite Them Right’ Harvard style.

Store references with Microsoft Word

At the end of your essay, you should list the publication details in alphabetical order (by author’s surname). If you have used more than one work by the same author, list them in order of date.

how to cite a website on an essay